Jan 7, 2008

Sustain (Word of the Day, 2007/12/5)

James Wang
Sus: under
tain: to hold

verb: sustain, sustained, sustaining
►to support, keep from falling or sinking, carry or withstand a weight or pressure
--Can this light shelf sustain all these books?
--The dam could not sustain the heavy head of water.
--Arches sustain the weight of the roof.
►to keep up without interruption, or flagging; maintain
--He had to sustain a large family.
--Hopes alone sustained him in his misery.
►to endure, withstand
--I couldn’t sustain such an impolite act.
--The sea wall sustains the shock of the wave.
--Can we sustain the climate change like in the movie "Ice age 2"?
►to suffer
--The driver sustained severe injuries when his car crashed.
--The walls of its building sustained bullet scars in a riot.

►to permit, receive, undergo
--The court sustained his suit claim.
►to confirm, corroborate
--The facts sustained his theory.
►to play or act the part or character
--There is no reason why she should not have sustained both roles.
►to prevent (as one’s mind or spirit ) from sinking
--I read history to sustain myself in violent confusion of these years.

adjective: sustainable
►capable to being borne or endured;supportable, bearable
--Religion may be morally useful without being intellectually sustainable.

adjective: sustained
►maintained at length without interruption , weakness or losing in power
or quality.
--sustained yield
►A recurrent increment of a biological resource (as timber or fish)
--to make a sustained efforts

adjective: sustaining
►aiding in the support of an organization through a special fee.
--A sustaining member paying US$ 20 to their club annually.
--sustaining force/ power
--sustaining program/sustaining show
►A radio or television program that is paid for by a station or network had no any commercial sponsor.

noun: sustenance
►food, refreshments, nourishment
--There’s more sustenance in cocoa than in tea.
--He gave money for the sustenance of a poor family.

noun: sustainer
►one who or that which sustains
--The decease of the sponsors leaves the children without their natural protector and sustainer

noun: sustainability
►to keep going; keep up an action or process; to keep up without intermission
--LOHAS is an acronym for Lifestyles Of Health And Sustainability.

Jan 6, 2008

University (Word of the Day, 2008/1/2)

By Kevin Chiu

University, plural: uni·ver·si·ties
Middle English universite, from Anglo-French université, from Medieval Latin universitat-, universitas, from Latin universus
• Date: 14th century
►An institution of higher learning providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees; specifically: one made up of an undergraduate division which confers bachelor's degrees and a graduate division which comprises a graduate school and professional schools each of which may confer master's degrees and doctorates.

►Community of teachers and scholars
-- Which university did you go to/were you at (= did you study at)?

Open University: noun [S] UK

►In Britain, a college especially established to educate older people who did not get a degree when they were young.
►Students study by special television and radio programmes and they usually send their work to their teachers by post.

• Associate’s Degree --- Community College
• Bachelor’s Degree -- College or University
• Master’s Degree – Graduate School
• Specialist’s Degree
• Doctoral Degree
• Post Doctoral Degree